The Irreproducibility Crisis of Modern Science: Causes, Consequences, and the Road to Reform
This study by the National Association of Scholars examines the different aspects of the reproducibility crisis of modern science. The report also includes a series of policy recommendations, scientific and political, for alleviating the reproducibility crisis.
Dimensions: Re-Discovering the Ecosystem of Scientific Information
Study aims to provide a detailed description of the free version of Dimensions (new bibliographic database produced by Digital Science). An analysis of its coverage is carried out (comparing it Scopus and Google Scholar) in order to determine whether the bibliometric indicators offered by Dimensions have an order of magnitude significant enough to be used.
For a period of almost 3 years, the OpenAIRE2020 project has run - on behalf of the European Commission - a pilot to fund post-grant Open Access publication of research outputs arising from projects financed under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7).
PhD Students Supervised Collectively Rather Than Individually Are Quicker to Complete Their Theses
Comparing the experiences of individually and collectively supervised students on the same doctoral programme, it was found that collective supervision, during the first year at least, is correlated with significantly shorter times to thesis completion compared to individual supervision.
Including preprints rather than focusing completely on published papers in journal clubs might benefit the scientific enterprise in numerous ways, including by providing direct criticisms to preprint authors before publication, deemphasizing publishing venue, teaching students the art of reviewing papers, and making journal clubs more current by discussing unpublished data.
Knowledge Sharing in Global Health Research - the Impact, Uptake and Cost of Open Access to Scholarly Literature
This study aims to assess the use, cost and impact of open access diffusion in the context of global health research. Although OA does not ensure full knowledge transfer from research to practice, limiting public access can negatively impact implementation and outcomes of health policy and reduce public understanding of health issues.
EUA Publishes Big Deals Survey Report, the First European-Level Mapping of Major Scientific Contracts in Europe
A survey focusing on the functions and working process of consortia, as well as on the conditions of contracts for big deals concerning scientific periodicals, databases, and e-books. The results of the survey show that consortia broadly represent the interests of relevant stakeholders from the university and library sectors and are largely driven by researchers’ needs.
Sex Differences in Academic Rank and Publication Rate in US Neurology Programs
Cross-sectional study investigating the potential sex differences at each faculty rank in top-ranked US academic neurology programs by comparing the number of male vs female neurologists and their level of academic productivity quantitated by publication rates and scholarly activities.
Update to Analysis of Open Science Policies Finds New Activity in Multiple Countries
Open Data policy development in Europe is constantly evolving. In an effort to stay abreast of these changes on behalf of the community, the DCC, together with SPARC Europe, has recently released an update to our analysis of Open Data policies in Europe.
Assessing Scientists for Hiring, Promotion, and Tenure
A growing number of scientific leaders believe the current system of faculty incentives and rewards is misaligned with the needs of society. Here we propose six principles for assessing scientists and associated research and policy implications.